Date: 7 December 2022
“The Almanac of Polish Economic Thought in the 20th Century”, a special publication created by experts from the Academy of Zamość on the initiative of the Institute of Finance, will have its premiere on 15 December. The partnership of the Institute of Finance with the Academy, as part of this unique project, was aimed at commemorating the profiles and ideas of the most outstanding Polish economists over the decades.
The Institute of Finance, in cooperation with the Academy of Zamość, decided to gather knowledge about the most important Polish economists of the 20th century in one place. The premiere of the Almanac will take place on 15 December 2022 in Zamość, but we are already starting a series in which we will systematically introduce the profiles of twenty prominent Polish specialists in the field of economics, whose thought and achievements are presented in the study.
Leon Bilinski, source: National State Archives
Leon Biliński was born on 15 June 1846 in Zaleszczyki and died on 15 June 1923 in Vienna. He was a Polish politician, economist, professor and rector of the University of Lviv, Doctor Honoris Causa in law at the Jagiellonian University in 1900, and Minister of Treasury of Austria-Hungary and Poland. After Poland regained independence, he served briefly as Minister of the Treasury in the government of Prime Minister Paderewski (1919). Being the President of the newly established Polish-Austrian Bank, he led activities aimed at establishing Polish-Austrian economic relations. As a politician, he represented conservative views. Despite his interest in socialism, he strongly opposed socialist economics.
State economic policy, social policy, finance and agrarian policy were the subject of his research work. He provided a scientific justification for the right of the state to manage the economic affairs of the country. He also considered it an obligation of the state to improve the living and working conditions of the workers. He replaced the foreign trade of gold in the Austro-Hungarian currency system with the circulation of gold-plated currency.
Leopold Caro, source: Electronic Newsletter of the Main Library of Cracow University of Economics
He was born on 27 May 1864 in Lviv and died there on 8 February 1939. He was a Polish economist, lawyer and professor at the Lviv Polytechnic. As a supporter and precursor of the so-called Catholic solidarity, he created a piece of work entitled “Solidarity”.
Leopold Caro greatly influenced the formation and development of the Polish economist movement. His paper on cartels and cartel legislation proved to be an important starting point for the legislative initiative.
Publication in Polish.